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Ancient Blue Dragon


AC 22 (natural armor) 

HP 407 (22d20 + 176; bloodied 203)

Speed 40 ft., burrow 40 ft., fly 80 ft., swim 40 ft.

Proficiency +8; Maneuver DC 25

Saving Throws Dex +8, Con +16, Wis +11, Cha +13

Skills Perception +11 (+1d6), Stealth +8, Survival +11

Damage Immunities lightning

Senses blindsight 60 ft., tremorsense 60 ft., darkvision 120 ft., passive Perception 24

Languages Common, Draconic, two more

Desert Farer. The dragon ignores difficult terrain or obscurement caused by sand or gravel, even while flying. Additionally, it ignores the effects of extreme heat.

Dune Splitter. The dragon can remain submerged in sand and gravel for up to 4 hours. It has advantage on Stealth checks made to hide in this way, and Large or smaller creatures within 20 feet of its hiding place when it emerges must succeed on a DC 24 Dexterity saving throw or be blinded until the end of its next turn.

Legendary Resistance (3/Day). When the dragon fails a saving throw , it can choose to succeed instead. When it does, it sheds some of its scales, which turn to sand. If it has no more uses of this ability, its Armor Class is reduced to 20 until it finishes a long rest.

Innate Spellcasting. The dragon’s spellcasting ability is Charisma (save DC 21). It can innately cast the following spells, requiring no material components. 

   3/day each: blur , silent image , blight , hypnotic pattern

   1/day each: control water , mirage arcane


Multiattack. The dragon attacks once with its bite and twice with its claws. In place of its bite attack, it can use Arc Lightning.

Bite. Melee Weapon Attack: +17 to hit, reach 15 ft., one target. Hit: 31 (4d10 + 9) piercing damage plus 9 (2d8) lightning damage.

Claw. Melee Weapon Attack: +17 to hit, reach 10 ft., one target. Hit: 22 (3d8 + 9) slashing damage.

Tail. Melee Weapon Attack: +17 to hit, reach 20 ft., one target. Hit: 22 (3d8 + 9) bludgeoning damage, and the dragon pushes the target 10 feet away.

Arc Lightning. The dragon targets a creature within 60 feet, forcing it to make a DC 24 Dexterity saving throw . The creature takes 22 (4d10) lightning damage on a failure or half damage on a success. Also on a failure, the lightning jumps. Choose a creature within 30 feet of the target that hasn’t been hit by this ability on this turn, and repeat the effect against it, possibly causing the lightning to jump again.

Lightning Breath (Recharge 5–6). The dragon exhales a 120-foot-long, 10-foot-wide line of lightning. Each creature in that area makes a DC 24 Dexterity saving throw , taking 94 (17d10) lightning damage on a failed save or half damage on a success. A creature that fails the save can’t take reactions until the end of its next turn.

Quake. While touching natural ground, the dragon sends pulses of thunder rippling through it. Creatures within 30 feet make a DC 24 Strength saving throw , taking 22 (4d10) bludgeoning damage and falling prone on a failure. If a Large or smaller creature that fails the save is standing on sand, it also sinks partially, becoming restrained as well. A creature restrained in this way can spend half its movement to escape.


Tail Attack. When a creature the dragon can see within 10 feet hits the dragon with a melee attack, the dragon  makes a tail attack against it.


The dragon can take 3 legendary actions, choosing from the options below. Only one legendary action can be used at a time and only at the end of another creature's turn. It regains spent legendary actions at the start of its turn.

Roar. Each creature of the dragon’s choice within 120 feet that can hear it makes a DC 21 Charisma saving throw . On a failure, it is frightened for 1 minute. A creature repeats the saving throw at the end of its turns, ending the effect on itself on a success. When it succeeds on a saving throw or the effect ends for it, it is immune to Roar for 24 hours.

Wing Attack. The dragon beats its wings. Each creature within 15 feet makes a DC 24 Dexterity saving throw . On a failure, it is pushed 10 feet away and knocked prone . The dragon can then fly up to half its fly speed.

Quake (Costs 2 Actions). The dragon uses its Quake action.


While individual dragons have their own personalities and tactics, most rely heavily on their breath weapons. They use them whenever they can, preferably from maximum distance and while flying above their enemies. 

When fighting in the open, dragons often circle above their enemies as they wait for their breath weapons to recharge. They only close to melee if their enemies deal significant damage with ranged attacks, or if they can savage an enemy cut off from its allies. Once bloodied , dragons become more aggressive, attacking with bite and claws when their breath weapons aren’t available.

If a dragon is protecting its lair, it utilizes lair features, traps, allies, and architecture such as escape tunnels to keep up a hit-and-run fight, reappearing only when it has a fully-recharged breath weapon. If the dragon is forced into melee combat, it uses its bite and claws against a single foe. If it has legendary actions like Roar and Wing Attack, it uses them to disperse its other enemies.

If reduced to less than one-fourth its hit points while fighting in the open, a dragon flies away. However, it fights to the death to defend its lair, unless it can regain the upper hand through tricks or bargains.

Blue Dragon Lair Features

The save DC for the following effects is 13 + the dragon’s proficiency bonus. Choose or roll one or more of the following lair features:

1 Mirages befuddle creatures trying to navigate the lair. When a creature tries to reach a specific location in the lair or leave it, it makes a Wisdom saving throw . On a failure, it ends up back where it started a few minutes later.

2 The lair is filled with humid mist and pools of water. While in the lair, the width of the dragon’s breath weapon is doubled.

3 Deep sand covers the ground in the dragon’s lair. When the dragon uses its Quake action, it also kicks up a sandstorm, causing the area of the quake to become heavily obscured until the start of its next turn.

4 The dragon has burrowed a tunnel underneath its lair and filled it with sand, creating a reliable escape route few creatures can follow. The tunnel opens into the surrounding desert.


Azrithandris, Galewrack, Malendrith, Lissicax, Skyfang, Stormtongue

Legends and Lore

With an Arcana or History check, characters can learn the following:

DC 10 A blue dragon’s voracious appetite often leaves the land around its lair a barren wasteland.

DC 15 Blue dragons spit lightning and can burrow through the sand in order to ambush prey.

DC 20 The oldest blue dragons can channel thunder through the earth, causing the ground itself to shake.


A blue dragon soars overhead, nearly invisible against the cloudless sky. It spies a wagon far below and dives to breathe lightning on its unsuspecting prey. The wagon’s riders are felled by a bolt from the blue.

Careful Attackers. While not cowardly, blue dragons don’t relish physical combat. A blue dragon’s lightning breath has the longest range of any chromatic dragon’s breath weapon, and it uses that advantage against prey, humanoid foes, and draconic rivals. It strikes its target from extreme long range, flies away, and returns later to devour its prey or to finish the job with another lightning bolt. Even in melee combat, blue dragons are more dispassionate than many of their fellow dragons, breaking off and retreating whenever there is nothing to be gained from further battle.

Voracious Appetites. Blue dragons don’t bear the rage of a red dragon or the malice of a black dragon. What they possess instead is an all-consuming hunger and thirst. A blue dragon spends most of its time on the hunt, gorging itself on every living thing it can catch or guzzling vast quantities of water.

A blue dragon’s presence magically warps its surroundings. Water flows, even uphill, towards the dragon’s place of rest. The land dries out for miles as water and life collect around the dragon’s lair, forming a paradisiacal oasis. Attracted by the smell of water, thirsty animals make their way to the lair—and in doing so become prey to the dragon.

Of all the chromatic dragons, the blue dragon wreaks the longest-lasting damage to its environment. Long after a blue dragon has died or departed, its land remains a wasteland marked by a single, vibrant oasis.


1-3 Flying overhead, hunting

2 Sleeping, drinking, or swimming in its oasis lair

3 Crouched over charred corpses

4 Buried in the sand, waiting for prey

5 In its lair, receiving a visit from divi emissaries who bring tribute

6 Perched atop a massive, abandoned throne or other ruin


1 Fresh air smell, like the earth after a rain

2 Dangerous sinkholes

3 In the distance, a bolt of lightning arcs up from the ground

4 A distant roar, or perhaps a peal of thunder

5 The torn, charred, and half-eaten corpse of a roc

6 An overturned covered wagon, its cloth sides slashed

7 A sandstorm

8 A dry oasis or river bed


The blue dragon makes its lair in an oasis, cavern, or caldera lake within a desert.

CR 3–4 blue dragon wyrmling ; blue dragon wyrmling with 3 or 4 cultists , kobolds , or poisonous snakes

Treasure 200 gp, 250 sp, 4 lapis lazuli (50 gp each), 3 charred maps (50 gp each), potion of healing , bag of holding

CR 5–10 young blue dragon

Treasure 1,500 gp, 2 gold armlets (250 gp each), sailing ship half-buried in sand, glowing magic pool that acts as 6 potions of healing, spell scrolls of invisibility and magic missile, decanter of endless water

CR 11–16 young blue dragon with 2 ankhegs , giant scorpions , sandlings (see scarecrow ), or scorpionfolk ; young blue dragon with 1d6 + 4 dragonbound warriors (see warrior ) or kobolds

Treasure 100 pp, 3,000 gp, magic gate that allows one-way travel to a bustling city, magic plate that can be commanded to cast cast create food and water once per day, 3 potions of healing , javelin of lightning , amber-tipped +2 wand of the war mage (named Arc; an attuned spellcaster can wield it as a +1 club that deals an extra 1d6 lightning damage)

CR 17–22 adult blue dragon ; adult blue dragon with ankheg , minstrel , or scorpionfolk  

Treasure 10,000 gp, 8 aquamarine gemstones (500 gp each), a charred corpse that can be identified as the heir to a city-state or kingdom, 10 +3 arrows , wand of magic missile , +1 plate armor (with ornamental feather pattern and a beaked owlbear helm)

CR 23–30 ancient blue dragon; ancient blue dragon with 5 ghouls , harpies , or sandlings (see scarecrow ); adult blue dragon with air elemental , 5 sandlings, or vampire

Treasure 1,000 pp, 15,000 gp, 10,000 ep, 20,000 sp, 25 sapphires (1,000 gp each), 3 potions of storm giant strength , ring of shooting stars , defender greatsword

CR 31+ blue great wyrm ; ancient blue dragon with 1d4 + 1 blue dragon wyrmlings or scorpionfolk ; 2 adult blue dragons

Treasure 120,000 gp, 200 1-pound gold bars (50 gp each), 3 crates of rare spices (5,000 gp each), sapphire necklace (25,000 gp), sapphire and gold scepter (25,000 gp), spell scroll of foresight , 3 potions of supreme healing , breastplate of lightning resistance , dragon slayer longsword , hat of disguise

Monster Type Description

Dragons include red and gold dragons, which are huge reptilian fire-breathers that number among the world’s most dangerous monsters. This type includes white dragons , which breathe killing frost, as well as smaller reptilian creatures related to true dragons, such as pseudodragons